Do scientists believe in God? Many of them, do according to a fascinating book, “Religion vs. Science: What Religious People Really Think,” by Elaine Howard Ecklund of Rice University and Christopher Scheitle of West Virginia University. As indicated by Eric Metaxas best-selling author” Martin Luther: The Man Who Rediscovered God and Changed the World,” Ecklund and Scheitle got interesting results.
Based on data from a nationally representative survey of 10,000 Americans, evangelicals are just as likely as most Americans to count scientists as close friends—but they tend to assume that their friends are the exceptions, that most scientists want nothing to do with them.
And while only 40 percent of all scientists say they believe in God, and about half have no religious affiliation, Ecklund and Scheitle found that a full 65 percent of those working in practical scientific fields such as medicine and engineering identify as Christians, including 24 percent as evangelicals.
Apparently there’s a link between faith traditions that emphasize helping other people and the kinds of professions that actually do so! Down through the centuries, of course, Christians have been eager to help the sick and many of us have taken to heart God’s call to be His stewards in the world, caring for and developing His creation, so these figures are no surprise.
Ecklund and Scheitle is observing a connection between our religious values and basic science; “It would be easier to see ‘new medical discoveries’ as spiritually connected to the ideals of faith than it would be to see ‘new scientific discoveries’ as promoting faith ideas.”
But of course the connection between scientific discovery and a Christian worldview is as strong as an electric current running through water. Years ago, Chuck Colson reminded us that many of the great scientists of history—Copernicus in astronomy and Newton in physics, among them—made epochal discoveries while operating out of a Christian worldview.
That worldview says that God created the universe out of nothing, that He has set up a series of observable, rational laws to govern it, and that we have been created in His image with the God-given ability to discover things about the physical world and bring order and blessing to it. As the eminent historian Rodney Stark has written, “Christian theology was necessary for the rise of science.” Indeed!
Yes, sometimes certain modern scientific trends and spokespeople have anti-religious agendas. But let’s remember that Christianity exists together with science. So we do not need to hesitate that when we engage with science. Such an engagement will be beneficial to both!
Ecklund and Scheitle, for their part, suggest that our churches should take more active role in recognizing and promoting science as a calling from God. They say that the church needs “faith leaders to celebrate the scientists within their congregations, and they need these scientists to speak out about how scientific knowledge is not a threat to their faith.”
So while the rift between science and faith may have been greatly exaggerated, we still have some work to do.
Kuruvilla Pandikattu SJ