Jesuit Father Samuel Rayan, a pioneer of theology with an Asian perspective that colleagues and church leaders considered a “radical interpretation of the Bible,” died at age 98. Before his Jan. 2 death, Rayan had been living in retirement and dealing with dementia. Jesuit Father M.K. George, provincial of the order’s Kerala province, told that Rayan had been under medical care for age-related illness for several years.
“Father Rayan was a pioneer who theologized from an Asian or third world perspective,” George said. The elderly priest became a professor at the Jesuit theology seminary at Vidya Jyoti College in New Delhi in 1972. He also served as its principal from 1972 to 1976. After more than three decades of teaching there, he returned to Kerala in 2010.
“Until Father Rayan’s rise as a theologian, the concerns of the people of India were not found in the theology that originated from Western Europe,” said P.T. Mathew, a fellow theologian who worked with the Jesuit.
Bishop Paul Mullassery of Quilon, India, said the Church in India always will “remember him for his radical interpretation of the Bible and as a man concerned for the poor and marginalized.”
Mullassery said Rayan’s interpretation of the Bible could broadly be labeled as part of liberation theology, which has been called controversial for its perceived links to Marxism.
“But his was not the militant version of liberation theology. His theology came from his deep meditations of the Gospel,” Mullassery said.
Rayan defended the poor, spoke for the environment and his theology was deeply rooted in Gospel values, the bishop said.